k-nucleotide benchmark ≈240MB N=25,000,000

Each chart bar shows how many times slower, one ↓ k-nucleotide program was, compared to the fastest program.

These are not the only programs that could be written. These are not the only compilers and interpreters. These are not the only programming languages.

Column × shows how many times more each program used compared to the benchmark program that used least.

    sort sortsort
  ×   Program Source Code CPU secs Elapsed secs Memory KB Code B ≈ CPU Load
1.0C++ g++ #3 23.447.22139,1361252  76% 76% 78% 97%
1.3Rust 27.089.04148,3162113  62% 82% 60% 98%
1.3Ada 2005 GNAT #2 21.189.72273,9404865  57% 81% 27% 55%
1.4Java  #7 35.1710.411,200,4801844  82% 90% 89% 78%
1.5Scala #2 30.2511.00209,6602080  74% 87% 54% 60%
1.7C gcc #9 35.8912.38130,7561535  94% 63% 91% 43%
1.8Java  #3 45.3313.06923,0681630  81% 83% 85% 99%
2.0Java  #2 49.7014.28909,1081602  85% 96% 81% 86%
2.0C gcc #7 40.7214.77165,8002280  90% 46% 96% 45%
2.3Clojure #5 42.6516.70369,9642723  75% 73% 55% 54%
2.4C gcc #6 53.4416.99163,7882439  64% 97% 61% 97%
2.4Ruby #5 52.9517.66357,344996  69% 68% 72% 95%
2.6Go #5 50.7619.05270,1441268  46% 45% 84% 93%
2.6Haskell GHC #2 70.5319.10260,1881965  91% 91% 91% 98%
2.8PHP #2 55.4120.16247,1841141  62% 65% 58% 91%
3.4F# Mono #4 59.1224.631,007,2601505  50% 55% 46% 90%
3.8F# Mono #3 62.4327.21999,4921111  51% 45% 56% 79%
4.0Fortran Intel #2 70.6828.99158,1242079  35% 42% 99% 68%
4.7C# Mono #4 104.3634.12515,5281696  98% 68% 71% 70%
4.8C# Mono #3 101.2634.92319,1761404  97% 65% 61% 68%
5.0Java  #5 81.2336.06178,6442211  86% 32% 85% 24%
5.0Clojure #6 106.3836.21984,5281737  83% 83% 70% 58%
5.1Clojure #7 114.4636.68985,7923030  84% 78% 60% 91%
5.2Haskell GHC #3 113.8037.68496,0202749  59% 83% 61% 100%
5.8Scala #6 156.4041.51473,5241380  95% 94% 94% 95%
6.0PHP 48.5943.11246,9681036  4% 4% 90% 16%
6.4Pascal Free Pascal #2 46.2246.24130,0682383  0% 100% 1% 1%
6.7Go #2 153.6648.21267,0961531  100% 90% 66% 64%
7.3C# Mono #5 183.2252.74333,7202445  91% 84% 87% 88%
7.5Go 161.1054.14392,272980  91% 68% 80% 62%
7.5Java  #4 55.3854.37176,9761873  97% 6% 6% 2%
8.9Clojure #4 187.8564.51984,0121944  94% 66% 63% 70%
9.1Lisp SBCL #4 65.4165.47109,2082272  0% 1% 1% 100%
9.1Lisp SBCL #5 65.7065.77108,8042301  1% 0% 100% 1%
9.7Perl 242.0769.891,774,668648  82% 88% 85% 92%
11Perl #4 234.9278.201,049,332472  81% 95% 65% 61%
12PHP #4 5 min87.70246,8841060  78% 94% 84% 88%
12Ruby JRuby #4 97.4489.931,952,044449  58% 5% 14% 33%
13Perl #3 280.1690.611,126,916507  95% 80% 70% 65%
15F# Mono 5 min110.39644,644701  76% 73% 72% 74%
15Haskell GHC 7 min111.20264,4361693  97% 96% 96% 97%
16C# Mono 113.26113.30517,2041420  8% 0% 1% 93%
17Fortran Intel 122.78122.86166,9522238  92% 0% 8% 0%
19Erlang HiPE #3 6 min137.89864,700932  99% 48% 49% 72%
22Python 3 #8 8 min161.33364,488647  89% 60% 98% 56%
22Lisp SBCL #3 161.76161.83364,2401284  1% 0% 100% 1%
23Lisp SBCL #2 162.33162.44363,1041277  1% 100% 0% 1%
24C# Mono #2 175.09175.13292,4761012  40% 1% 44% 17%
24Ruby JRuby #3 8 min176.561,194,036540  78% 68% 71% 87%
28Ruby JRuby 10 min201.011,060,796637  67% 85% 86% 66%
28Ruby #4 201.00201.08499,252449  0% 0% 0% 100%
30Racket 219.87220.011,419,712542  96% 0% 1% 4%
31Perl #2 223.14226.16708,152359  65% 0% 0% 34%
36Ruby 14 min257.66128,344637  68% 94% 100% 67%
40Dart 287.74285.80345,924595  1% 3% 3% 96%
77Python 3 9 min9 min391,748487  1% 100% 0% 0%
109Ruby #2 13 min13 min156,256420  0% 99% 1% 0%
120Ruby #3 14 min14 min161,372540  19% 31% 32% 20%
C++ g++ Make Error2106
Erlang HiPE Failed930
Erlang HiPE #2 Failed997
Go #3 Bad Output1399
Lisp SBCL Timed Out10 min847
OCaml #3 Failed1789
OCaml Failed870
OCaml #2 Failed1205
Racket #2 Bad Output842
Racket #4 Bad Output881
Ruby JRuby #5 Failed996
Ruby JRuby #2 Failed421
Scala #4 Failed1287
Scala Failed1625
"wrong" (different) algorithm / less comparable programs
0.4C++ g++ #5 9.072.9645,0123416
0.5C++ g++ #6 11.623.49132,9843415
0.5C gcc #4 13.333.76155,0002409
0.6Java  14.164.00183,2165211
0.6Ada 2005 GNAT 10.564.66407,8886503
2.1C gcc #5 48.2714.80277,2202519
2.2C gcc #8 16.1616.18125,9962040
2.3C# Mono #6 44.0616.4782,2321433
2.6Java  #6 19.2219.10155,7682115
10Python 3 #2 126.3773.25351,796624

 k-nucleotide benchmark : Hashtable update and k-nucleotide strings

You can write your own program for this task and contribute to the benchmarks game by following these general instructions.

More specifically:

diff program output for this 250KB input file (generated with the fasta program N = 25000) with this output file to check your program is correct before contributing.

We are trying to show the performance of various programming language implementations - so we ask that contributed programs not only give the correct result, but also use the same algorithm to calculate that result.

We use FASTA files generated by the fasta benchmark as input for this benchmark. Note: the file may include both lowercase and uppercase codes.

Each program should

In practice, less brute-force would be used to calculate k-nucleotide frequencies, for example Virus Classification using k-nucleotide Frequencies and A Fast Algorithm for the Exhaustive Analysis of 12-Nucleotide-Long DNA Sequences. Applications to Human Genomics (105KB pdf).

Revised BSD license

  Home   Conclusions   License   Play